A septic system is meant to treat waste water especially for residential places. A septic tank is installed underground and they are most suitable in rural areas where houses are distant from each other since they are designed to collect waste water from properties which aren’t connected to main sewer systems. The waste water which is collected and treated by septic systems include bathroom waste water, kitchen drain, and laundry waste water and much more. A septic tank installed underground and a drainage system is what a typical septic system seems like.
An anaerobic bacterial environment is developed in the system and it helps in the decomposition of the waste which is deposited in the septic tank hence this method of waste water treatment utilizes natural means of waste water treatment. A typical septic tank consist of two chambers and a drain field. The septic system has an inlet pipe which introduces the waste water into the septic system through the first chamber and after some time the solid matter settles at the bottom while the oily and greasy matter collects and floats at the top leaving a clearer liquid at the middle of the chamber. It’s after this separation of the different layers of matter that is the solid at the bottom, scum at the top, and the clearer waste water at the middle that another pipe leads the clearer water into the second chamber and later it is allowed out through an outlet pipe which leads to the drain field.
A series of perforated pipes will basically lead the liquid into the soil or just in case some special systems are installed then it can be disposed into such. It’s after the removal of the clearer waste water from the first chamber into the second chamber that the solid matter and the scum which typically consists of the oily and greasy matter are broken down by the naturally occurring bacteria in the septic system. Periodically you will have to call upon call upon the help of the septic system professionals who will view your system and also remove the matter that is left after the decomposition of the solid matter and the scum layer since done matter might not be decomposed by the naturally occurring bacteria in the septic system.
Some of maintenance tips for the septic system is avoiding flushing certain items into the toilet as they can block the pipes of the septic system disrupting and complicating its operations. Such items which you should avoid flushing in the toilet as they eventually build up and block the pipes of the septic system include baby wipes, baby nappies, medicines, sanitary towels for ladies and cleaning wipes among other things.