Why Should We Adopt Irrigation
Irrigation of land is a common agricultural practice among farmers. There advantages of doing are also realized but those who utilize these products. The primary forms of irrigation include surfaces, subsurface, drip and sprinkle. Whichever method choose is determined by how big or small the ground is, from where to do you wish to get the water and what crop do you intend to grow. Further to this, you need to look at the availability of water and irrigation technology. There exist several reasons why we need to irrigate our lands. The benefits are as followed.
Most of our land receive lower amount of rainfalls. Rains do not fall all through the year, but even when they too, they are unreliable and untimely. This is a major cause of dry seasons. Some situation, therefore, should be addressed with immediate effect. The most reliable out of this is irrigation. Once we irrigate our crops, we can ensure sustainable food production. The rains may also be harmful. Hails stones that accompany rains are such dangers that rains can possess. At the same time, excess rain is also damaging crops hence lowering yields.
You maximize you produce through irrigation. Total crop yields have very high possibilities with the practice of spraying. This is because crops find maximum conditions for growth. Subsequently the chances that these crops grow to maturity are also high. Therefore, irrigation provide high yields. This high output is critical for ensuring a continuous supply of food Poor returns often lead to hunger and starvation situation the irrigation can correct.
Intercropping is possible with lands under irrigation. Sufficient water supply ensures that the plant get optimal conditions for growth. This, therefore, favors the growth of other types of crops. It is also planted one crop at ago but change to another once you harvest the previous one. Ccrop rotation also help in maintaining soil fertility. Most common way of achieving this is planting nitrogen-fixing plants such as legumes.
Irrigation also increase land utilization. Rain determinant seasons are inefficient when it comes to land usage. This is because most people do not wish to make huge losses. As a result, planting just a portion of the farms are seen as best way to reduces the losses when rains fail. But with irrigation, can maximum exhaust your piece of land since the availability of water is guaranteed.
Food security is the worlds most significant challenge for millions. The world population is rapidly growing, but food production is dropping. This means there is insufficient food to feed the people. Many are therefore at risk of going without food. However, irrigation can here reverse this trend and normalizes it. Land is available but lies bare. Putting such under irrigation can ensure no one goes without food.